Separating and collecting waste

Packaging

What do we deposit and where?

The following is deposited in bins with yellow lids:

  • plastic food and drink bottles;
  • plastic detergent and cleaning agent bottles;
  • food and drink cans;
  • empty milk, juice etc. cardboard packaging;
  • plastic bags and cups;
  • plastic shampoo, toothpaste and liquid soap packaging;
  • CD and DVD packaging;
  • plastic and aluminium foil in which products are wrapped;
  • Styrofoam packaging.

Pay attention: juice, yoghurt or milk packaging made of paper, plastic and aluminium foil also go into the packaging bin, i.e. the one with the yellow lid. This packaging is made of composed materials and is usually called Tetra Pak.

The following may not be deposited in bins with yellow lids:

  • plastic packaging that contained hazardous substances or their remains (motor and other mineral oils, plant protection projects, colours, varnishes and similar); always check if there is the symbol marking hazardous waste and deliver such waste to the collection centre or a movable collection unit);
  • cellophane
  • CDs, DVDs and records
  • bulky plastic items (broken plastic chairs, flooring etc. – these are to be taken to the collection centre)

How do we deposit?

It is important that the packaging is emptied before being deposited. If possible, it should also be squeezed flat to take up minimum space at home and when deposited. Before packaging is deposited, the cap or cork must be removed. Packaging need not be washed or rinsed.

Where does collected packaging go?

Pursuant to a contract, it is taken over by the waste packaging handling company Slopak. Plastic packaging is used for making pen and lighter casings, various tubes, paving slabs, bags, carpets, sleeping bags, vehicle parts and brushes etc.

Hollow packaging for liquid food and drinks (milk, juice etc.) made of cardboard, polyethylene and aluminium foil is used in a special thermal press process for producing the Tectan boards used in the furniture industry.

Why is separate waste collection so important?

Global annual consumption of plastic has grown from an average of five million tonnes in the 1950s to almost 100 million tonnes today and plastic waste accounts for approximately 7% of total waste in the average household. The separation of plastic products and their processing significantly contribute to the protection of natural resources – namely, 8% of annually produced oil is used for the production of plastic – and the reduction of carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide emissions.

Eight percent of all household waste is cans and other metal packaging. Metals can also be recycled several times and, given that aluminium production is highly detrimental to the environment since it requires large quantities of energy and produces a lot of toxic waste, the separation of such packaging is extremely important. The processing of one kilogram of aluminium saves six kilograms of alumina, four kilograms of chemical products and 14 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Do you know what kind of plastic you have at home?

We are in daily contact with polyethylene terephtalate (PET) – it is used to make plastic bottles and bins – and polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene (PE). It can be found in plastic bags, cups, nappies etc. Polyester (PES) can be found in textile fibres (polyester clothing), while polyamide (PA) is an essential component of nylon stockings, toothbrush bristles and fishing line. Polystyrene is practically everywhere – yoghurt cups, disposable cutlery, CD and DVD wrapping, disposable shaving razors etc., with Styrofoam being its most common form.

It is not simple to recycle plastic since different materials that we call plastic require different recycling techniques. That is why plastic items are labelled with standardised plastic type markings.

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